WSU Libraries to celebrate Shiffman research room named for ‘miracle mineral’ pioneer Ananda Prasad, M.D.

August 22, 2017

The Wayne State University Libraries will thank a longtime School of Medicine faculty member for his support of the Ananda S. Prasad, M.D., Ph.D., and Aryabala Prasad, M.D., Collaboration Research Room at 11 a.m. on Aug. 29 in the Vera P. Shiffman Medical Library.

The celebration is to thank Distinguished Professor of Internal Medicine Ananda Prasad, M.D., Ph.D., a pioneering researcher in the importance of zinc in the human diet, for his backing of the study area.

The Prasads’ generous support to renovate this space will enable and inspire collaborative study and research among students with faculty and community, said Marguerite Carlton, senior major gift officer for Wayne State University.

The Prasad Room is designed to tell a collaborative story by highlighting the life work of Dr. Prasad and his zinc research.

Dr. Prasad has made important strides researching the mineral zinc, as well as contributing significantly to the field of hematology and sickle cell disease.

His work with zinc began when one of his former professors received an invitation from the Shah of Iran to establish a medical curriculum at the University of Shiraz Medical School and invited Dr. Prasad to accompany him. Two weeks after his arrival, a 21-year-old man who looked like an 8-year-old boy came to Dr. Prasad. The patient lacked secondary male characteristics, was considered mentally lethargic and ate clay. Dr. Prasad diagnosed the man's condition as extreme anemia, but couldn't understand how such a condition came about because most males do not develop anemia without bleeding.

The condition was so prevalent in Iran that it was considered epidemic. Dr. Prasad studied the condition and hypothesized that because plants do not grow without sufficient zinc, perhaps people do not either.

In the developed world, zinc abounds in a variety of food sources, such as fresh fish, red meat, oysters and dairy products. In developing countries, diets primarily consist of breads and grains, which contain phytate, a substance that binds zinc and iron and prevents both minerals from being absorbed by the human body.

In 1961, Dr. Prasad published an article in the American Journal of Medicine suggesting for the first time that zinc deficiency could account for human growth retardation. In a subsequent paper based on studies done in similar patients from Egypt, Dr. Prasad established that the study subjects suffered zinc deficiency. That study, published in The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine in 1963, was republished in 1990 as a landmark article by the same journal.

After the publication of these papers, Dr. Prasad started administering zinc through clinical trials, and his subjects began growing taller and developing male characteristics.

Since then, Dr. Prasad has continued to study the role zinc plays in human development. In 1975, he suggested the National Research Council set the Recommended Daily Allowance for zinc at 15 milligrams per day.

In addition, his zinc studies have saved countless lives in African and Asian countries, including India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. In these areas, the mortality rate from infantile diarrhea approached 85 percent. When the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopted zinc supplements to combat infant diarrhea in these regions, that mortality rate dropped to 15 percent.

In December 2009, TIME magazine named zinc the “miracle mineral.”

Dr. Prasad received a congressional commendation for his lifelong studies involving zinc in 2011.

Please call 313-577-0300 to RSVP by Aug. 23.

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